Neighbourhood Information Models: 3D digital tools supporting surveyor-architect-planner workflows
Authors: Cookes, Simon D.
The City of Melbourne lacks affordable, quality and sustainable housing choices. Addressing these complex needs, professionals are currently performing information discovery, design and planning assessments with outdated tools and processes. What would be the impact of integrating disciplinary technologies of land surveyors, architects and planners into a 3D virtual place called a Neighbourhood Information Model (NIM) to assist their work leading to statutory planning approval? As NIM did not exist, qualitative and quantitative approaches were employed by the writer to explore emerging 3D sharable tools and processes. Surveys of land surveyors and architects in Victoria were conducted and professionals, researchers and software providers were interviewed. Tools explored included: 3D laser scanning, photogrammetry, Building Information Models, parametric scripting, 3D city models and Electronic Development Approval. Result themes included: tool engagement, efficiency gains, adoption drivers and limiting factors. Results show a growing professional engagement with sharable 3D digital information tools, especially for central Melbourne apartment developments. Their use was found to increase overall workflow efficiency and increase communicative and decision-making power. This paper proposes that NIM tools and associated integrated Knowledge Management processes improve practice efficiency and efficacy of built outcomes. There remains a need for further research, tool development and testing.
- Architecture and Environment
- Architecture and Social Research
- Building and City Information Modelling
- Buildings and Energy
- Built Environment Performance Assessment
- Construction, Materials and Technology
- Design Education and Design Research
- Environment and Landscape Architecture
- Generative, Parametric and Evolutionary Architecture
- Interactive Environments and Collaboration
- Modes of Product and Mass Customisation
- Theory, Philosophy and Methodology in Architectural Science
- Thermal Comfort, Lighting and Acoustics