Adapting Malaysian housing for smart grid deployment based on the first nationwide energy consumption survey of terrace houses
Authors: Abdul-Razak, Ahmad-Haqqi-Nazali ; Leardini, Paola ; Nair, Nirmal-Kumar C.
Malaysia will pursue the smart grid transformation plan led by Tenaga Nasional Berhad to establish a reliable, secure and sustainable electricity delivery system. Increasing demand for energy and issues linked to the traditional grid makes the smart grid transition more attractive and efficient. As residential sector energy demand is a fifth of national energy consumption in Malaysia, the features of surrounding construction and the performance of present and future houses will have a significant impact on electricity grid support requirement. Hence, analysis of the existing housing stock and its occupants’ energy consumption profile are fundamental to inform the development of the Malaysian smart grid, especially by defining characteristics and energy generation potentials of its domestic consumers. This paper analyses the current state of the Malaysian terrace houses, the most common residential type in the country, using results of the first nationwide energy consumption survey on samples across peninsular Malaysia. The study discovered scope for substantial improvements of both current and future housing stock, to achieve higher indoor comfort levels with considerable energy demand reductions for cooling. It clearly identifies and shows that this particular housing type can well exploit advantages engendered by the smart grid through an informed design approach.
- Architecture and Environment
- Architecture and Social Research
- Building and City Information Modelling
- Buildings and Energy
- Built Environment Performance Assessment
- Construction, Materials and Technology
- Design Education and Design Research
- Environment and Landscape Architecture
- Generative, Parametric and Evolutionary Architecture
- Interactive Environments and Collaboration
- Modes of Product and Mass Customisation
- Theory, Philosophy and Methodology in Architectural Science
- Thermal Comfort, Lighting and Acoustics