A SEMIOTIC FRAMEWORK TO UNDERSTAND HOW SIGNS IN A COLLECTIVE DESIGN TASKCONVEY INFORMATION: A PILOT STUDY OF DESIGN IN AN OPEN CROWD CONTEXT.
Authors: Phare, Darin; Gu, Ning ; Williams, Tony ; Laughland, Carmel
A leading factor in reshaping boundaries between participatory design and co-creation is the power of crowd-sourcing; however crowdsourced design often produces less innovative results than smaller expert design teams. In design, representation plays a fundamental role whilst in crowdsourced design the collective interaction with representations is restricted. We propose more effective design in collective intelligence lies in the crowd’s ability to generate meaningful contributions via the content of shared representations. In order to investigate this, the current paper examines how meanings are generated through the use of visual representations. We introduce a semiotic framework to understand the mechanisms of how signs convey contextual information in a collective design task, and illustrate the framework by applying it in an analysis of the signs used by the crowd engaging in an openly shared design task.